There are currently 39 names in this directory beginning with the letter R.
R# or R Number
Rarity number. See also Universal Rarity Scale.
A gold-plated 1883 No "CENTS" Liberty Head five-cent coin ("V" nickel). Legend has it that a deaf-mute gold-plated these unfamiliar coins and would use them as legal tender. Sometimes, he was given change for a five-dollar gold piece since the V on the reverse could be interpreted as either five cents or five dollars! They have also been gold-plated since that time to sell to collectors.
Toning which is usually seen on silver dollars stored in bags. A full spectrum of colors is represented; beginning with yellow, then green, to red, to blue, and sometimes even black.
Also spelled "reale" with the plural spelled "reales," is Spanish for "royal" meant to represent the silver unit coin of the Spanish colonies in the western hemisphere.
A term used to describe the color of a copper or copper-plated coin that maintains at least 95-percent of its original color.
Nickname for the book A Guide Book of United States Coins by R. S. Yeoman and Kenneth Bressett. The Red Book is a popular retail price reference guide that is published annually. See also Blue Book.
A term used to describe the color of a copper or copper-plated coin that maintains between 5-percent and 95-percent of its original color because of natural oxidation.
A term that distinguishes coins created for commerce. These may be business or proof strikes of coins.
Synonym for business strike.
Numismatically, it is a later printing of currency using the same printing plates as the original. Reprints are made for presentation or collection and altered in some way to distinguish it from the original printing.
When branch mints needed to use dies from a previous year, the new year would be punched over the old year leaving remnants of the old date on the coin. These are very collectible errors.
A coin struck with a die on which the mintmark was punched into the die over a different mintmark.
A coin that has been dipped or cleaned and then has regained color either naturally or artificially.
A type of proof coin where the elements are specially polished to create a mirror-like appearance and the fields are treated to provide a matte finish. See also proof.
Synonym for a rim nick.
A test that may determine whether a coin was struck or is an electrotype or cast copy. The coin is balanced on a finger and gently tapped with a metal object.
A set number of coins stored in a coin wrapper. Rolls were originally paper wrappers, and today are typically plastic.
Term used to describe wearing of coins on the high areas of the relief on coins that were stored in rolls.
Parallel incuse lines found on a coin after it is struck. It is believed that roller marks are caused when the strips of metal are pulled through draw bars.
An alloy of at least 75-percent gold with the balance of copper made to give the metal a rose or pinkish hue.
A type of mint error caused by the dies not being aligned when striking the coin, token or medal.
Occurs when a coin is slid across a hardened surface, causing the removal of original mint luster, while leaving evidence of friction.