Numismatic Dictionary

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There are 37 names in this directory containing the search term gold. Clear results.
Abyssinian Gold
A type of brass made of 90-percent copper and 10-percent zinc that has a gold-like color.

Au
Chemical symbol for gold. See also gold.

Charlotte
A city in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina that housed a branch of the United States Mint. The Charlotte Mint was established in 1835 and opened in 1838 to assay and minting gold coins from the Charlotte Gold Rush. The mint was closed in 1861 at the outbreak of the Civil War. Coins struck in Charlotte have a "C" mintmark.

Classic Era
Term referring to coins minted from 1792 through 1964 when silver and gold coins of the United States were issued for circulation. Gold coins were only minted until 1933. See also Modern Era.

copper spot
A spot or stain seen on gold coinage, indicating an area of copper that has oxidized.

Crime of 73
Nickname for the Coinage Act of 1873. The act ended the right of silver bullion holders to have the U.S. Mint assay and strike silver coins as well as ended bimetallism by putting the United States on the gold standard. The results were economic deflation and contention from gold interests and others that saw bimetallism as a way to expand the economy. (This is only a brief summary and is recommended that you seek other references for more information)

Dahlonega
A city in Lumpkin County, Georgia that housed a branch of the United States Mint. The Dahlonega Mint was established in 1835 and opened in 1838 to assay and minting gold coins from the Georgia Gold Rush. The mint was closed in 1861 at the outbreak of the Civil War. Coins struck in Dahlonega have a "D" mintmark.

dinar
An Islamic gold coin first issued in the latter half of the seventh century. In modern times, the main currency unit in nine mostly-Islamic countries.

Double Eagle
The official name for the U.S. gold $20 coin struck for circulation from 1849 through 1932.

doubloon
Nickname for a Spanish gold coin. The term meaning "double" was used to describe the 16 Escudos gold coin (or two Spanish Milled Dollars in modern terms).

ducat
A gold or silver coin used as a trade coin in Europe from the later medieval centuries until the mid-20th century.

Eagle
An official name for the U.S. gold $10 coin struck for circulation from 1795 through 1933.

escudo
Originally, a Spanish gold coin worth one-eighth of a doubloon. Later the currency formerly of Portugal and Chile. Currently, it is the currency of Cape Verde.

gold
A yellow-colored metallic precious metal. Its chemical symbol is Au for the Latin arum.

Gold Certificates
Currency issued by the federal government backed by gold on deposit with the United States Treasury.

gold dollar
Small, one dollar gold coins struck from 1849 through 1889.

golden dollar
Promotional term used by the U.S. Mint to describe the small dollar coins produced since 2000 that has a gold-colored appearance but are made from a magnesium alloy.

goloid
An alloy of silver, gold and copper patented by Dr. William Wheeler Hubbell. Goloid consists of 1 part gold (about 3.6-percent), 24 parts silver (about 87.3-percent) and 2.5 parts copper (about 9.1%). Coins were not minted using goloid because they were indistinguishable from other silver coins and susceptible to undetectable counterfeiting.

guinea
A British 20-shilling gold coin made from gold imported from Africa.

Gulden
A German and Dutch term for "gold coin."

Half Eagle
Official name for a United States gold $5 coin.

incuse design
Designs or lettering that are impressed into a coin instead of being raised. The Indian Head Quarter Eagles and Half Eagles gold coins are the only issued by the United States Mint to be struck with incuse designs.

karat
The measure of gold purity of an item. Pure gold is designated as 24-karats.

Pioneer gold
Privately issued gold coins struck by a variety of minters anywhere in America where gold was discovered.

Quarter Eagle
A gold once struck in the United States with a face value of $2.50.

Racketeer nickel
A gold-plated 1883 No "CENTS" Liberty Head five-cent coin ("V" nickel). Legend has it that a deaf-mute gold-plated these unfamiliar coins and would use them as legal tender. Sometimes, he was given change for a five-dollar gold piece since the V on the reverse could be interpreted as either five cents or five dollars! They have also been gold-plated since that time to sell to collectors.

rose gold
An alloy of at least 75-percent gold with the balance of copper made to give the metal a rose or pinkish hue.

Saint
Slang term for the Saint-Gaudens Double Eagle $20 gold coin. See also Saint-Gaudens.

Saint-Gaudens
Augustus Saint-Gaudens was a famous sculptor who designed the $10 Indian Head gold Eagle and $20 gold Double Eagle coins as part of Theodore Roosevelt’s "pet crime." Both coins were struck 1907-1933.

San Francisco
A city in California that is the home of a branch of the United States Mint. The San Francisco Mint was established in 1854 as an assay office during the California gold rush. The first building, known as the "Granite Lady," was one of the few buildings to survive the Great San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. A new building was opened in 1937. Coining was suspended in 1955 and its status returned to an assay office. Although it began striking circulating coins in 1968, its status was changed to a mint in 1988.Coins struck in San Francisco have an "S" mintmark.

satin finish
A special matte finish usually on business strike coins. The U.S. Mint experimented with satin finish Proofs on the gold coins of 1909 and 1910 and with Mint Sets in the 2000s.

slug
Term for the octagonal and round fifty-dollar gold coins struck during the California gold rush.

small dollar
Small dollars are coins that have been minted since 1979 that are 26.5mm in diameter. The first small dollar was the Susan B. Anthony dollar. The current dollar is made of a manganese-brass alloy and is gold in color but does not contain any precious metals.

sovereign
A gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of 20 shillings or one pound sterling. Modern sovereigns are used as a bullion coin.

Territorial Gold
Gold coins and bars privately struck during the various gold rushes.

Treasury Notes
Currency issued in 1890-1891 used to buy silver bullion and redeemable in gold coin.

Trial of the Pyx
The annual test of gold and silver coins to ensure they are have been properly minted. The pyx is an official container that holds samples from each coinage run. The Royal Mint holds an annual Trial of the Pyx. In the United States, the Assay Commission was dissolved in 1980, ending the annual practice.

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